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Less aircraft noise for cities and municipalities in the vicinity of the airport through closer adherence to defined flight paths immediately after take-off. This is the objective of a joint project of DFS, Fraport and Lufthansa. With RNP-1 and radius-to-fix, these companies are elevating precision navigation in air traffic to a new quality level.
A level that is still unrivalled in Germany. The innovative procedure was used for the first time on 20 July for the departure of a Lufthansa Boeing 747-8 and DFS intends to apply it for further departure routes from Frankfurt. Frankfurt Airport is currently the only airport in Germany that uses this advanced navigation procedure for departures.
First flight with a queen of the skies – just like this Boeing 747-8 nearly all of Lufthansa's fleet is equipped with this new precision navigation system.
The navigation procedure RNP (required navigation performance) allows properly equipped aircraft to fly GPS-based radius-to-fix (RF) legs. Pilots can then fly a highly precise circle with a radius around a reference point determined by the air navigation service provider.
The new precision navigation system – which DFS, Fraport and Lufthansa have been testing since 20 July – should enable departures from Frankfurt Airport to fly their assigned track with a much greater degree of accuracy.
In this way, aircraft can maintain their preset ideal curve at a constant distance from the reference point. Such a capability has the potential to positively influence the noise footprint for the people living in this area. The extent of any benefit can currently not yet be estimated with reasonable accuracy.
It is planned to conduct trial operations with comprehensive monitoring in the upcoming months to learn more and gather reliable data. DFS and the Environment and Community Centre (UNH), an organisation run by the Federal State of Hesse, will cooperate in this monitoring process.
The procedure has been established at this time on the initiative of the noise abatement officers of the Federal State of Hesse who had identified deviations in the area of the second curve.
Simulations have shown that aircraft can maintain their tracks with more precision by means of RNP-1 and radius-to-fix, even in difficult wind and weather conditions. DFS will test the accuracy of this new procedure for six months on the existing conventional departure route, the southerly bypass.
The greater track accuracy that is being sought will benefit, for example, southern parts of Nauheim as well as Trebur, Nackenheim, Bodenheim and some suburbs of Mainz which are currently still being overflown when the conventional departure route is used as a result of permitted deviations from the ideal track.
Aircraft need to be equipped with the latest satellite navigation technology approved for RNP-1 in order to fly RF legs. Currently, only some of the aircraft departing from Frankfurt will be able to apply the procedure. Lufthansa, however, has equipped almost its entire fleet with this technology.
DFS, Fraport and Lufthansa have developed and implemented this new, sophisticated procedure with financial support from the European Commission and the Connecting Europe Facilities (CEF) programme. The procedure is part of the implementation of SESAR (Single European Sky ATM Research) and is steered by the SESAR Deployment Manager.
DFS Deutsche Flugsicherung GmbH, the German air navigation service provider, is a State-owned company under private law with 5,430 employees as at 30 June 2017. DFS ensures the safe and punctual flow of air traffic over Germany.
Around 2,000 air traffic controllers guide up to 10,000 flights in German airspace every day, about three million movements every year.
This makes Germany the country with the highest traffic volume in Europe. The company operates control centres in Langen, Bremen, Karlsruhe and Munich as well as control towers at 16 international airports in Germany.
The subsidiary, DFS Aviation Services GmbH, markets and sells products and services related to air navigation services as well as providing air traffic control at nine regional airports in Germany and at London Gatwick Airport in the UK.